Direct Narration के Reported Speech में आए हुए Assertive Sentence को Indirect Narration में बदलने का नियम

Direct Narration के Reported Speech में आए हुए Assertive Sentence को Indirect Narration में बदलने का नियम

Direct Narration के Reported Speech में आए हुए Assertive Sentence को Indirect Narration में बदलने का नियम

Assertive sentence (साधारण वाक्य) :- “A Sentence that makes a statement is called an Assertive Sentence.”

(ऐसा वाक्य जो एक कथन का निर्माण करता है साधारण वाक्य कहलाता है)

अथवा
ऐसा वाक्य जो Subject से प्रारंभ होता है और full stop (.) से समाप्त होता है। Assertive sentence कहलाता है।

Assertive Sentence = Subject + …………. .

Assertive sentence दो प्रकार का होता हैं –

1. Affirmative sentence (साकारात्मक वाक्य)
2. Negative sentence ( नाकारात्मक वाक्य)

Direct Narration के Reported Speech में आए हुए Assertive Sentence को Indirect Narration में बदलने का नियम :-

यदि Direect Narration के Reported Speech में आया हुआ वाक्य Assertive sentence हो तो इसे Indirect Narration में बदलने के कुछ विशेष नियम इस प्रकार है –

Rule 1 – R.V. में आये हुये says to, said to, say to को क्रमशः tells, told व tell में change कर देते हैं।

Rule – 2 R.V. के पश्चात् एक Conjunction ‘that’ का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Examples :-

Direct – My sister says to me, “You always disturb her.”
Indirect – My sister tells me that l always disturb her.

Direct – He will say to us do us, “You can help me in my problem.”
Indirect – He will tell us that we can help him in his problem.

Direct – Rohan and Sohan said to us.“The earth moves round the sun”
Indirect – Rohan and Sohan told us that the earth moves round the sun.

Direct – I said to him, “We can help you in your problem.”
Indirect – I told him that we could help him in his problem.

Direct – My father said, “You gave me a pen yesterday.”
Indirect – My father said that I had given him a pen the previous day.

Direcr – they said to me, “We know you.”
Indirect – they told me that they know me.

Direct – Mohan said to us, “You have done my work.”
Indirect -Mohan told us that we had done his work.

Direct – Sita said to her mother, “I always helped you.”
Indirect – Sita told her mother that she always had helped her.

Direct – They said to Rita, “We can give you our books.”
Indirect – They told Rita that they could give her books .

Note – यदि Direct Narration के Reported Speech में Vocative Case (संबोधन कारक) का प्रयोग हो तो Indirect Narration बनाते समय उसे R. V. का object बना देते हैं।

Direct – Ravi said, “Boys, I know you.”

Indirect – Ravi told the boys that he knew them. 

Direct – I said, “Ravi, you are very naughty.”

Indirect – I told Ravi that he was very naughty.

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