Formation of Simple Sentences by using Nominative Absolute

Formation of Simple Sentences by using Nominative Absolute

Formation of Simple Sentences by using Nominative Absolute

Formation of Simple Sentences by using Nominative Absolute :-

Nominative Absolute का प्रयोग करके :-

Nominative Absolute दो शब्दो से मिलकर बना हैं —
Nominative – जिसका ‘अर्थ ‘ कर्ता होता हैं।
Absolute – जिसका अर्थ ‘स्वतंन्त्र’ होता हैं।

इन दोनों को मिलाकर हम कहेगे की दिये हुए sentences में से किसी एक sentence के ‘कर्ता’ को हमें एक नियम के अनुसार स्वतंन्त्र करना हैं।

Nominative Absolute का प्रयोग करके दो या दो से अधिक sentences को मिलाकर एक नया simple sentence तब बनाते हैं जब हमें निम्नलिखत परिस्थितियां दिखाई दे –

(i) दिये हुए वाक्यो के subject अलग-अलग होने चाहिए।
(ii) दिये हुये वाक्यो के बीच reason result का सम्बन्ध होना चाहिए।

हम उस वाक्य के कर्ता को स्वतंन्त्र करते हैं जिसमें हमे reason दिखाई दे।
‘कर्ता’ को स्वतंत्र करने के कुछ प्रमुख नियम इस प्रकार है –

Rule 1 – यदि reason दिखाने वाला वाक्य active voice में हो तो हम ‘कर्ता’ को निम्न प्रकार से स्वतंन्त्र करते हैं –
Subject + having + V3

Rule 2 – यदि reason दिखाने वाला वाक्य Passive Voice में हो तो हम ‘कर्ता’ को निम्न प्रकार से स्वतंन्त्र करते हैं –
Subject + having + been + V3

Rule 3- यदि reason दिखाने वाले वाक्य में is, am, are, was, were, का‌ प्रयोग main verb के रुप में हुआ हो तो हम ‘कर्ता’ को निम्न प्रकार से स्वतंन्त्र करते हैं–
Subject + being

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Examples – 

(1) The coptain was killed. The army fled away. 
Simple – The coptain having been killed, the army fled away. 

(2) The teacher left the class. The boys made a noise.
Simple – The teacher having left the class, the boys made a hoise.

(3)The picture was interesting. We enjoyed it very much.
Simple – The picture being interesting, we enjoyed it very much.

(4) It was cold, no one went out.
Simple – It being cold, no one went out.

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Formation of Simple Sentences by using Participle – https://www.knowledgebeemplus.com/formation-of-simple-sentences-by-using-participle/

(5) The leader was slain, the followers ran away in fear.
Simple – The leader having been slain, the followers ran away in fear.

(6) It was a holiday, we did not go to school.
Simple – It being a holiday, we did not go to school.

(7) The sun rose. The fog disappeared.

Simple – The sun having risen, the fog disappeared.

(8) The work was done. The boys went back home.
Simple – The work having been done, the boys went back home.

(9)The principal entered the class. The students stood up.
Simple – The principal entered the class, the students stood up.

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