Active Voice into Passive Voice

Active Voice into Passive Voice

Active Voice into Passive Voice

Transformation of Active Voice into Passive Voice

Active Voice (कर्त वाच्य) :-  Active Voice में कर्ता को प्रधानता दी जाती है अर्थात् इसमें कर्ता प्रमुख होता है।

Passive Voice (कर्म वाच्य) :- Passive Voice में कर्म को प्रधानता दी जाती है अर्थात् इसमे कर्म प्रमुख होता है।

Active Voice into Passive Voice :- 

Active Voice से Passive Voice बनाकर भी वाक्य का transformation किया जाता है। Active Voice को Passive Voice में बदलने के कुछ प्रमुख नियम इस प्रकार हैं –

Rule 1 – Passive Voice बनाते समय Active Voice के Subject को Passive Voice का Object बना देते हैं तथा Active Voice के Object को Passive Voice का Subject बना देते है।

Rule 2 – Passive Voice बनाते समय Active Voice के Subject को Object बनाने से ठीक पहले प्रायः एक preposition ‘by’ का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

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Rule 3 – Passive Voice बनाते समय सदैव किसी न किसी verb का III form प्रयोग किया जाता है।

Rule 4 – Passive Voice बनाते समय Active Voice में आए हुए Tense के Helping Verb को हम निम्न प्रकार से change करते हैं –

Tense

Present. I. T.

Present. C. T.   

Present. P. T.

Present. P. C.T.

Past. I. T. 

Past. C. T.

Past. P. T.

Past. P. C. T.

Future. I. T.

Future. C. T.  

Future. P. T.

Future. P. C. T.

Active Voice H.V.

do/does/Verb + s/es

is/am/are

has/have

 has/have+been

did/V2 form

was/were

had 

hadbeen

will/shall 

will/shall+be

will/shall+have

will/shall+have been

Passive Voice H.V.

is/am/are

is/am/are+being 

has/have+been

No Passive

was/were

was/were+being 

had been

No Passive 

will be/shall be

No Passive 

will/shall+have been

 No Passive

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Rule 5 –  यदि Active Voice में किसी modal का प्रयोग हो तो Passive Voice बनाते समय हम उसके साथ be का प्रयोग करते हैं। जैसे Active Voice में can का प्रयोग होने पर Passive Voice में इसे हम can be में बदल कर देते हैं।

Rule 6 – Passive Voice बनाते समय कभी-कभी Active Voice के कर्ता को object के रूप में नहीं लिखते हैं अर्थात् इसे छोड़ देते हैं ऐसा हम प्रायः तब करते हैं जब इसे Passive Voice के object के रूप में लिखने की आवश्यकता नहीं होती है अर्थात् इनके बिना ही वाक्य का अर्थ पूर्ण हो जाता है। 

Note –  यदि जब Active Voice  का कर्ता someone, somebody, people, anyone, none etc.  हो तो Passive Voice बनाते समय इन्हें हम object के रूप में नहीं लिखते हैं अर्थात् छोड़ देते हैं।

Rule 7 – प्रायः Passive Voice बनाते समय Active Voice के वाक्य वाक्य में object का होना जरूरी है।

Rule 8 – Passive Voice बनाते समय कुछ verbs के पश्चात ‘by’ preposition के स्थान अन्य preposition का प्रयोग किया जाता है। जैसे –

(i) contained, interested के पश्चात in का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

(ii) pleased, satisfied, disgusted के पश्चात with का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

(iii) surprised, disgusted, astonished, displeased, distressed, disappointed के पश्चात at का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

(iv) obliged या known के पश्चात to का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

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Active Voice में आए हुए Assertive Sentence को Passive Voice में बदलना :-

Note – Change the following active voice into passive voice :

Active – People speak English all over the world.

Passive – English is spoken all over the world. 

Active – Someone gave me a pen. 

Passive – I was given a pen. 

Active – Police arrested the thief. 

Passive – The thief was arrested by police. 

Active – Police awarded me. 

Passive – I was awarded by Police. 

Active – This box contained many boxes. 

Passive – Many boxes were contained in this box. 

Active – Your behaviour surprised me. 

Passive – I was surprised at your behaviour.

Active – He knows you. 

Passive – You are known to him. 

Active – The children sang the National Anthem. 

Passive – The National Anthem was sung by the children. 

Active – Great men accomplish great things.

Passive – Great things are accomplished by great men. 

Active – We planted two thousand trees in our college last year. 

Passive – Two thousand trees were planted in our college last year by us. 

Active – All his friends laughed at him. 

Passive – He was laughed at by all his friends. 

Active – I have to read a book. 

Passive – A book has to be read by me. 

Active – I am to buy a car. 

Passive – A car is to be brought by me. 

Active – You must help me.

Passive – I must be helped by you. 

Active – We could not finish it. 

Passive – It could not be finished by us. 

Active – Someone left a pen in the class room yesterday. 

Passive – A pen was left in the classroom yesterday.

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Active Voice में आये हुए Interrogative Sentence को Passive Voice में बदलना :-

यदि Active Voice का वाक्य कोई Interrogative Sentence हो तो Passive Voice बनाते समय हम Passive Voice का रुप ठीक वैसा ही रखते हैं जैसा की Active Voice में होता है।

Note :- यदि Interrogative Sentence में who का प्रयोग हुआ हो तो passive voice बनाते समय इसे By whom में बदल देते हैं। 

Change the following Active Voice into Passive Voice :-

Active – Who helped you? 

Passive – By whom were you helped? 

Active – What do you do? 

Passive – What is done by you? 

Active – Who knows you? 

Passive – To whom are you known? 

Active – Why did you disturb me? 

Passive – Why was I disturbed by you? 

Formation of Complex Sentences by using Noun Clause – https://www.knowledgebeemplus.com/formation-of-complex-sentences-by-using-noun-clause/

Active Voice में आये हुए Imperative Sentence को Passive Voice में बदलना :-

Active Voice में आये हुए Imperative Sentence को Passive Voice में बदलने के कुछ प्रमुख नियम इस प्रकार है –

Rule 1 –  यदि Active Voice का वाक्य Main Verb से प्रारंभ होने वाला Imperative Sentence हो और उसमें object स्पष्ट होता हो तो Passive Voice बनाते समय हम वाक्य का रूप निम्न प्रकार से रखते हैं –

Passive – Let + object + be + V3 form + ……

Or

Passive – Subject + should + be + V3 form + ….

Rule 2 –  यदि Active Voice का वाक्य Don’t से प्रारंभ हो और उसमें object स्पष्ट हो तो Passive Voice बनाते समय हम वाक्य का रूप निम्न प्रकार से रखते हैं –

Passive – Let + object + not + be + V3 form + ….

Or

Passive – Subject + should + not + be + V3 form + ……

Rule 3 –  यदि Active Voice के वाक्य में Please या Kindly शब्द का प्रयोग हो तो Passive Voice  बनाते समय हम वाक्य का प्रारंभ You are requested to से करते हैं तथा please या kindly शब्द को हटा देते हैं।

Rule 4 – यदि Imperative Sentence के वाक्य से object स्पष्ट न हो तो passive voice बनाते समय हम वाक्य के अर्थ के अनुसार You are ordered to, You are advised to या You are requested to का प्रयोग करते हैं।

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Change the following Active Voice into Passive Voice :-

Active – Shut all the doors and windows. 

Passive – Let all the doors and windows be shut. 

Or

Passive – All the doors and windows should be shut. 

Active – Don’t disturb me in my work. 

Passive – Let me not be disturbed in my work. 

Or

Passive – I should not be disturbed in my work. 

Active – Please help the needy. 

Passive – You are requested to help the needy.

Active – Keep to the left. 

Passive – You are advised to keep to left.

Active – Obey the rules of road. 

Passive – You are advised to obey the rules of road. 

Active – Get out of my class. 

Passive – You are ordered to get out of my class. 

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